Handbook of Learning Analytics
Epistemic Network Analysis:
A Worked Example of Theory-Based
David Williamson Shaffer & Andrew R. Ruis
In this article, we provide a worked example of a theory-based approach to learning analytics in the context of an educational game. We do this not to provide an ideal solution for others to emulate, but rather to explore the affordances of a theory-based — rather than data-driven — approach. We do so by presenting 1) epistemic frame theory as an approach to the conceptualization of learning; 2) data from an epistemic game, an approach to educational game design based on epistemic frame theory; and 3) epistemic network analysis (ENA), a technique for analyzing discourse and other data for evidence of complex thinking based on the same theory. We describe ENA through a specific analytic result, but our aim is to explore how this result exemplifies what we consider a key “best practice” in the field of learning analytics.
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Epistemic Network Analysis: A Worked Example of Theory-Based Learning Analytics
Handbook of Learning Analytics
Society for Learning Analytics Research
Wisconsin Center for Education Research, University of Wisconsin–Madison, USA
1. Teachers College, Columbia University, USA
2. LINK Research Lab, University of Texas at Arlington, USA
3. Learning Analytics Research Network, New York University, USA
4. Schools of Education and Informatics, University of Edinburgh, UK